PILT payments help local governments provide services as important as protecting firefighters and police, building public schools and roads, and search and rescue operations. Payments are made annually for zero-rated land managed by the Bureau of Land Management, the National Park Service, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (all offices of the Department of the Interior and the U.S. Forest Service (part of the U.S. Department of Agriculture), as well as for federal water projects and some military facilities. PILT payments are one of the ways in which the federal government can play its role as a good neighbour to the municipalities. Payments instead of taxes (PILOT) for non-profit organizations represent significant revenue for many municipalities, but they are not perfect. Based on case studies and research results, this report provides guidelines on when municipalities should consider PILOTs, highlights the importance of cooperation between municipalities and non-profit organizations, and outlines other ways to generate revenue from exempt non-profit organizations. At the same time, these facilities receive the same service as the rest of the inhabitants of the given city or county.
These services include firefighters, police, sewers, garbage collection, etc. It is argued that the requirement of some or all non-profit organizations to pay taxes, either voluntarily or through legal measures, would help offset some of these costs and reduce the burden on local households.  This would amount to an increase in the tax base in these areas. Many non-profit organizations, whose own budgets are dwindling, fear this trend. The federal government of Canada makes instead of taxes to local government agencies (including First Nations) where the federal government owns real estate. Payments instead of taxes for non-profit organizations are optional. However, some cities want that to change.   These are the vast lands of universities, hospitals, churches and other non-profit organizations. The exempt status granted to these organizations by the IRS means that property taxes that would have been paid to municipalities if that land had been held by individuals or businesses will not be collected.